Is your business's new resolution to conquer Dracula's homeland with your fantastic products? Expanding a business across continents is daunting, especially when grappling with freight rates, transit times, and customs regulations between the US and Romania.

This comprehensive guide aims to put your mind at ease through a detailed exploration of different freight options - air, sea, road, and rail, advice on customs clearance procedures, understanding duties and taxes, and providing essential tips tailored for businesses eager to bridge the Atlantic.

If the process still feels overwhelming, let DocShipper handle it for you! As seasoned international freight forwarders, we turn the intricate maze of shipping procedures into simple, straight-fit paths, paving the way for your thriving business success between these two dynamic nations.

Table of Contents

Which are the different modes of transportation between US and Romania?

Transporting goods between the US and Romania calls for smart decisions tailored to unique logistical demands. Think of it like going on a transcontinental journey: you can't hike if you're crossing an ocean. Overland options, like trucks or rail, are limited by geography. Here, your best friends are air and ocean freight.

These two play a game of speedy delivery versus cost-effectiveness. Knowing your cargo's urgency and budget allows you to make the right pick, much like choosing between a sprint and a marathon. Keep reading to discover how to ace your international shipping game.

How can DocShipper help?

When you're shipping goods from the US to Romania, the logistics can feel complex. DocShipper is your trusted partner in this process, able to tackle transportation, customs, and administration with ease. Need a hand? Contact us for a free estimate in under 24 hours. Have a question? Our consultants are ready for your free call.


sea-freight-services from and to the USA

Sea freight from and to the US

Sea freight between US and Romania

Trading between the United States and Romania opens up a world of opportunities, with the mighty Atlantic Ocean as the main thoroughfare. Key industrial hubs like New York, Charleston, and Houston in the U.S., and Constanta in Romania, dictate the pulse of ocean shipping. Sea freight bears the weight of high-volume goods, its cost-effectiveness compensating for the slower speed.

However, chartering these overseas shipments can be a stormy voyage, even for seasoned professionals. Language barriers, paperwork errors and customs regulations are some icebergs lurking below the surface. The good news? Much like a ship’s captain uses charts for smooth sailing, clear guidelines and key specifications are your navigational tools for this journey.

Through this section, we’ll dive into these oceanic details, helping you steer clear of hidden obstacles and sail into successful business waters with ease. From document must-haves to optimizing the shipping process, this guide holds the compass to your destination.

Main shipping ports in US

Port of Los Angeles

Location and Volume: Located in San Pedro Bay, 20 miles south of downtown Los Angeles, this bustling port boasts a shipping volume of 9.5 million TEU.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: Engaging in trade relations primarily with East Asia, the Port of Los Angeles holds the title of America's top port by container volume and cargo value, providing high-volume access to major markets and suppliers.

Context for Businesses: If you're looking to tap into the Asian markets, the Port of Los Angeles may be a central component of your logistics strategy, given its high-volume throughput and direct transit connections to Asia.

Port of New York and New Jersey

Location and Volume: Stretching across the Hudson River, this port encompasses a shipping volume of approximately 7.3 million TEU.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: It’s a key exchange point for goods, primarily with Europe and East Asia. As the largest and busiest port on the East Coast, it's central to the trade network of the North Atlantic.

Context for Businesses: Firms interested in reaching markets in Europe and the northeastern US should consider the Port of New York and New Jersey due to its vast network and extensive facilities.

Port of Savannah

Location and Volume: Located on the Savannah River in Georgia, it has a shipping volume of about 4.6 million TEU.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: The port primarily trades with Central and South America. As the fastest-growing and fourth-largest port in the US, its geographical location allows direct service to the US Southeast and Midwest.

Context for Businesses: Those eyeing expansion in Central or South American markets might heavily rely on Port of Savannah, coupled with its intermodal efficiencies and fast transit times.

Port of Houston

Location and Volume: Nestled in the Gulf of Mexico, this port deals with a shipping volume of close to 2.9 million TEU.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: Large volumes of trade take place with East Asia and Europe, and it is a fulcrum for petrochemical goods given Houston's oil industry.

Context for Businesses: If your business strategy includes distributing petrochemical goods to Asian or European markets, the Port of Houston could play a significant role due to its superior logistics infrastructure.

Port of Seattle

Location and Volume: Located on the US West Coast, the port handles a shipping volume of 1.6 million TEU.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: Key alliances primarily rest with East Asia and Alaska. The port’s maritime activities support both cargo and passenger intake, contributing to local economic growth.

Context for Businesses: If you're considering serving the Pacific Northwest, Alaskan or Asian markets, the Port of Seattle's diverse cargo and passenger capabilities may align well with your business objectives.

Port of Tacoma

Location and Volume: Found in the Puget Sound of Washington state, this port deals with a shipping volume of around 2.1 million TEU.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: Active trading relationships primarily involve East Asia and Alaska. As the closest U.S. port to major ports in Asia, it provides shorter transit times.

Context for Businesses: For businesses aiming to expedite Asian trade or strengthen connections in the Pacific Northwest, the Port of Tacoma serves as a strategic logistics hub due to its geographic advantage and efficient operations.

Main shipping ports in Romania

Port of Constanta

Location and Volume: Situated on the western coast of the Black Sea, the Port of Constanta stands as a cornerstone of European trade, boasting a remarkable shipping volume of approximately 75.5 million tons in 2022. This bustling maritime hub plays a crucial role in connecting Europe to the world, serving as a gateway for a diverse array of goods and fostering economic growth across the continent.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: Although trade is diverse, key partners include Germany, Hungary, Austria, and Switzerland. This port is Romania's maritime gateway and has the largest terminal of its kind in the Black Sea and Eastern Mediterranean zones.

Context for Businesses: If you're seeking a port with extensive inland connections, the Port of Constanta could be a valuable asset in your shipping strategy. Its impressive network of road, rail, and river links connects Central and Eastern Europe, making sustainable distribution possible.

Mangalia Port

Location and Volume: Nestled along the Black Sea coast south of Constanta, Mangalia Port holds the distinction of being Romania's southernmost maritime port. While its primary focus lies in facilitating passenger and tourism traffic, it also plays a supportive role in the local economy, handling a modest volume of goods. In 2022, the port handled an estimated 20,000 TEUs, reflecting its growing importance in the region's maritime landscape.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: Most shipments from Mangalia are domestic or within the Black Sea region. It hosts important ship repair yards and yacht marinas supporting the domestic market.

Context for Businesses: If you operate in the tourism sector or require ship repair services, Mangalia Port should be on your radar. While not a heavy-hitter for cargo, its specialized services and location might align closely with your logistics needs.

Port of Galati

Location and Volume: Strategically positioned in eastern Romania along the meandering Danube River, the Port of Galati holds the distinction of being the largest river port in the country. With a bustling cargo throughput of approximately 25 million tons in 2021, the port plays a pivotal role in facilitating the movement of goods, predominantly bulk materials, across the region. In 2022, the port is projected to handle an estimated 50,000 TEUs, reflecting its expanding role in containerized cargo transportation.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: Key trading partners are primarily EU countries. A significant proportion of imports and exports are metal and steel goods, agricultural produce, and minerals.

Context for Businesses: If your trading focus lies within the European Union or your goods are heavy, bulky consignments, consider the Port of Galati. With its strategic position and capabilities in handling heavy goods, it could be a fitting choice for your logistics strategy.

Port of Tulcea

Location and Volume: Situated in the northeastern corner of Romania, the Port of Tulcea stands as a vital link along the strategically important Danube River. While its cargo volume may not rival that of Galati, it continues to play a crucial role in facilitating the movement of goods to and from Central Europe, handling an estimated around 70,000 TEUs in 2022. Its strategic location and growing infrastructure make it a promising hub for future trade expansion.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: Tulcea mainly services the European market and is a big player in routing goods through the wider Danube River network.

Context for Businesses: If you're considering river shipping as a cost-effective means of transporting goods into Central Europe, the Port of Tulcea could be a valuable stop.

Port of Braila

Location and Volume: Strategically positioned on the Danube River approximately 20 nautical miles from Galati, the Port of Braila plays a crucial role in supporting local commerce, despite its total shipping volume being lower compared to other ports. In 2022, the port handled an estimated 3 million tonnes, reflecting its significance in facilitating the movement of goods and contributing to the region's economic growth.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: Braila's principal trading partners are within the EU, similar to Galati and Tulcea.

Context for Businesses: The Port of Braila could be a good consideration for smaller scale businesses aiming for seamless logistics solutions within the European Union.

Port of Sulina

Location and Volume: Situated at the confluence of the Sulina Arm of the Danube River and the Black Sea, the Port of Sulina serves primarily as a gateway for tourism and passenger traffic. While its cargo handling activities are relatively limited, it remains an essential component of the region's maritime infrastructure, handling an estimated 15,000 TEUs in 2021.

Key Trading Partners and Strategic Importance: Trading is largely domestic or within the Black Sea region. The port provides unique opportunities for ship repair and marine leisure activity businesses.

Context for Businesses: Although the Port of Sulina has less significance in large-scale cargo handling, it could prove beneficial for businesses in the tourism or marine leisure sectors.

Unlock hassle-free shipping

Trust DocShipper, your freight forwarding ally, to take the complexity out of shipping cargo from the US to Romania. Whether it's consolidation or a full container, our ocean freight specialists consider factors like your budget, shipment volume, and urgency to prescribe the best solution. Don't get bogged down by logistics; unlock a stress-free shipping experience. Ready for a transformative ocean freight service? Request your free estimate today!


How long does sea freight take between US and Romania?

Typically, the average transit time for sea freight between the US and Romania is approximately 30-45 days. However, it's important to understand that actual times may vary due to factors such as the specific ports being used, the weight and nature of the goods.

For a more precise estimate tailored to your specific shipping needs, reaching out to a freight forwarder like DocShipper can provide a more accurate quote.

Here's a table illustrating average sea freight transit times between the four main ports in both countries.

US Ports Romania Ports Average transit times (days)
Port of Los Angeles Port of Constanța 37
Port of Long Beach Port of Constanța 34
Port of New York Port of Constanța 27
Port of Savannah Port of Constanța 27

*Please note that Romania predominantly uses the Port of Constanța for international sea freight. The figures represent the various transit times, the specifics of which can be provided by a freight forwarder customized for your shipping needs.

How much does it cost to ship a container between US and Romania?

Navigating ocean freight rates can often feel like a high seas adventure, filled with unpredictable ebbs and flows. When shipping between the US and Romania, costs per CBM can vary greatly due to several factors like Point of Loading, Point of Destination, the carrier, the nature of goods, and market fluctuations.

Fear not, an exact shipping cost isn't a lost treasure. Our shipping specialists act as your trusted compass, working with you on a case-by-case basis to ensure you secure the best rates. With our expertise, shipping doesn't have to be a voyage into the unknown, but a smooth sail towards your business goals.

Special transportation services

Out of Gauge (OOG) Container

Definition: An OOG container is a special shipping unit for oversized or heavy items that don't fit in standard containers. They accommodate Out of Gauge cargo, goods that extend beyond the standard dimensions.
Suitable for: It's ideal for shipment of heavy machinery, construction equipment, or oversized parts.
Examples: A business may use an OOG container to ship windmill blades from the US to Romania since they don't fit in traditional containers.
Why it might be the best choice for you: If your cargo exceeds the standard container dimensions, then your best option is an OOG container as it ensures safe and secure transportation of your goods.

Break Bulk

Definition: Break bulk shipping involves transporting goods that are individually loaded, counted, and not containerized. Each item is handled separately, making it the answer for loose cargo load.
Suitable for: Goods that can't use standard containers due to their size or need for special handling.
Examples: This method can transport outsized machinery or large crates from the US to Romania, which can't be efficiently loaded in a container.
Why it might be the best choice for you: If your cargo is too big or too heavy for traditional containers, break bulk could be your ideal solution, offering more flexibility with loading and unloading.

Dry Bulk

Definition: Dry bulk shipping refers to the transportation of loose, dry commodities filled directly into the vessel’s hold.
Suitable for: Items such as grains, coal, cement, ore, or sugar.
Examples: A coal mining company may use dry bulk shipping to transport coal from US mines to Romania's industrial sectors.
Why it might be the best choice for you: If you deal with large quantities of loose, unpackageable commodities, dry bulk shipping becomes a cost-effective solution.

Roll-on/Roll-off (Ro-Ro)

Definition: Ro-ro shipping is a method where vehicles roll-on at the origin point and roll-off at the destination. It utilizes a ro-ro vessel specifically designed for this purpose.
Suitable for: It's optimal for transporting vehicles or cargo on wheels.
Examples: Automobile manufacturers in the US may use ro-ro shipping to transport cars to Romania.
Why it might be the best choice for you: This method is especially beneficial if you're in the automobile industry, as it simplifies the process of transporting various wheeled machinery and vehicles.

Reefer Containers

Definition: Reefer containers are temperature-controlled units that maintain the quality of perishable goods during transport.
Suitable for: It is perfect for items requiring temperature control, such as food, pharmaceuticals, or sensitive equipment.
Examples: A food export company in the US may use reefer containers to send fruits or meat products to Romania while ensuring they retain their freshness.
Why it might be the best choice for you: If your goods need to be kept at a constant temperature throughout transit, choosing a reefer container can be your best bet.

At DocShipper, we understand that choosing the right shipping method isn't always straightforward, but we're here to assist. Contact us for a free shipping quote in less than 24 hours and to discuss the best options for your specific shipping needs.

air-freight-services from and to the USA

Air freight from and to the US

Air freight between US and Romania

When shipping from the US to Romania, air freight becomes a beacon of speed and reliability. Imagine sending an exclusive high-end leather handbag, or maybe a consignment of innovative small tech devices; it's your best bet. Small in size, high in value - that's the sweet spot for air freight. It's like using an express elevator in a high-rise, fast and smooth.

However, a hasty decision can send costs skyrocketing, just like airfare during holiday seasons. Fumbled weight calculations or overlooked best practices, might make your budget take an unexpected hit. Remember shipping isn’t just about rattling off packages, it's more like a game of chess - every move intricately calculated.

Air Cargo vs Express Air Freight: How should I ship?

Picture your business shipping goods from the US to Romania. Now, imagine two options: air cargo which goes with the airlines' schedules and express air freight that whizzes on dedicated planes just for your cargo. This dilemma is one many global businesses often end up in; hang tight as we delve into the intricacies and help identify the right choice for your specific needs.

Should I choose Air Cargo between US and Romania?

Choosing air cargo for your shipments between the US and Romania might be an attractive option, especially if your cargo weighs 100/150 kg (220/330 lbs) or more. Airlines such as American Airlines and TAROM are prominent players in this space, renowned for their cost-effective and reliable service.

Visit American Airlines or TAROM for a closer look at their offerings. The caveat is a longer transit time due to their fixed schedule. Nevertheless, factoring in your budget and shipment needs, air cargo could be your ideal choice.

top global air freight companies in the U.S.

Should I choose Express Air Freight between US and Romania?

Express air freight, a specialized service using solely cargo planes - no passengers - is ideal for smaller shipments - under 1 CBM or 100/150 kg (220/330 lbs) of cargo.

Given the speed and reliability, goods can be sent rapidly via international express courier firms. Check out global leaders like FedEx, UPS, or DHL for their offerings.

Exporting your goods to Romania from the US? If urgency is your priority and shipment is compact enough, this path could be your optimal choice to save time and ensure a smooth delivery process.

Top global courier express companies in the U.S.

How long does air freight take between US and Romania?

Shipping goods between the US and Romania by air freight typically takes between 1-3 days. However, the transit time can be influenced by several factors, including the specific airports involved in the shipping, the weight of the shipment, and the type of goods being shipped. For exact transit times, it is recommended to seek advice from an experienced freight forwarder like DocShipper.

What is the difference between volumetric and gross weight?

Gross weight refers to the actual weight of your shipment and is measured in kilograms (kg). Volumetric weight, otherwise known as dimensional weight, reflects the package's density, a factor that can impact the space your shipment takes on a carrier's plane.

Calculating these weights in air cargo involves different methods. For gross weight, it's straightforward - you weigh the goods including all packing materials. Say you have a shipment that weighs 400kg. That's about 881 lbs.

Calculating volumetric weight is slightly trickier. It’s derived through a calculation of the package’s three dimensions, that is your item’s length, width, and height (L x W x H), and dividing it by a specific 'volumetric factor'. For Air freight, the volumetric divisor factor is usually 6,000. Let's take an example of a package measuring 120cm in each dimension. Your formula becomes (120 x 120 x 120) / 6,000 = 288kg or approximately 635 lbs in volumetric weight.

Express air freight services operate similarly but use a divisor of 5,000 instead. Using the same dimensions, your calculation becomes (120 x 120 x 120) / 5,000 = 346kg or 762 pounds in volumetric weight.

Why does this matter? This comes into play because freight companies charge based on whichever calculation is higher. It's a standard practice used to ensure freight costs adequately cover the space that a package occupies or the actual weight it adds to the aircraft.

Without this practice, a large but lightweight package could take up significant space without contributing much to revenue. This method ensures that freight charges are fair and relative to the space the shipment occupies.

Door to Door Transport from and to the USA

Door to door transport from and to the US

Door to door between US and Romania

Ready for a convenient shipping option? International Door to Door shipping is a streamlined service where your goods travel from pick-up in the US straight to delivery in Romania, bypassing all the logistical hassle. This method ensures robust tracking, reduced risk, and faster deliveries.

Eager for a stress-free transportation solution? Well, get ready because we're about to dive deep into it!

Overview – Door to Door

Handling international shipping between the US and Romania can be daunting, with complex customs requirements and transportation logistics. Fortunately, door-to-door shipping eliminates these stressors, streamlining your business operations.

It's your all-inclusive, hassle-free solution, taking care of everything from initial pickup to final delivery, customs included. As DocShipper's top selected service, it's clear to see its advantages, despite a slightly higher cost.

Curious about the ins and outs? Stick around; we'll unveil the hidden complexities of cross-border logistics and show you how our door-to-door option could be your lifeline. Practical, engaging, and resourceful – that's our commitment to you.

Why should I use a Door to Door service between US and Romania?

Got a mountain of packages to send from the US to Romania? Here are five compelling reasons why choosing a door-to-door service would be your Mozart in a world of screeching violins.

  1. Stress Relief: Imagine an orchestra without a conductor; chaotic, right? That's what managing logistics can feel like. Door-to-door service is your logistics maestro, coordinating every aspect from pickup to delivery. Spare yourself the headache.
  2. Timely Delivery: Ever missed a business opportunity due to a shipping delay? With door-to-door service, each shipment fits in a carefully coordinated, time-bound symphony ensuring quicker, reliable deliveries.
  3. Special Care for Complex Cargo: Door-to-door service can be your expert caretaker for the 'diva' goods. They handle complex, delicate, or high-priority cargo with the diligence of a stage operator handling a Stradivarius.
  4. Convenience: This service is like your personal roadie – from picking up your goods, managing the trucking, to ensuring a rockstar-like arrival at the final destination.
  5. Compliance & Custom Duties: Customs clearance can feel like deciphering Beethoven's fifth in Binary Code. Door-to-door services ease this confusion by taking care of bureaucracy, and assuring your cargo clears customs smoothly.

Boost your 'shipping' symphony's tempo. Ability to sit back, relax, and track your 'sonatas' from their opening note to their final chord – that's the door-to-door service difference!

DocShipper – Door to Door specialist between US and Romania

Experience stress-free shipping from the US to Romania with DocShipper! Our all-inclusive door-to-door service means you won't have to lift a finger. From packaging to transportation, customs clearance to choosing the appropriate shipping method, we've got it all covered.

With a dedicated Account Executive to manage every detail meticulously, our expertise becomes your peace of mind. Contact us for a free estimate within 24 hours, or better yet, speak to our consultants at no cost. Your smooth shipping journey starts with DocShipper.

With a dedicated Account Executive to manage every detail meticulously, our expertise becomes your peace of mind. Contact us for a free estimate within 24 hours, or better yet, speak to our consultants at no cost. Your smooth shipping journey starts with DocShipper.

Customs Clearance in the U.S.

Customs Clearance US

Customs clearance in Romania for goods imported from US

Customs clearance is the complex procedure of preparing your goods for import into Romania. Traversing this challenging labyrinth entails potential roadblocks such as unforeseen duties and charges, underscoring the importance of familiarising yourself with customs tariffs, taxes, allotments, and licences.

Failure to comprehend these aspects risks your goods being detained at customs. Dive deeper into vital details in the upcoming sections of this guide.

Remember, DocShipper can shoulder this intricate process for all types of goods, no matter where in the world they originate. To obtain an estimate, supply us three crucial details - your goods' origin, value, and HS Code. For any queries, our team is willingly at your disposal.

How to calculate duties & taxes when importing from US to Romania?

Welcome to the intricate world of duties and taxes! When importing from the US to Romania, figuring out the associated costs can feel like playing a strategic guessing game. We're here to turn that game into a meticulous, predictable process.

At the heart of calculating customs duties, you'll need to keep track of five crucial factors; the country of origin, the Harmonized System (HS) Code of your goods, the Customs Value, the Tariff Rate that applies to your shipment, and any other taxes or fees that might apply to your specific products. Sounds overwhelming? Let's break it down!

The first, and perhaps most important, aspect to identify is the country of manufacture or production of your goods. This is not necessarily the country from where you're shipping, but rather the place where the goods were originally made or produced.

Rest assured, with the right information in hand and a clear understanding of these elements, this complex task of estimating duties & taxes becomes less daunting. Onward we go to unravel the complexities of international shipping!

Step 1 - Identify the Country of Origin

Determining a product's country of origin may seem like a no-brainer, but it's not a step to skip.

  • Firstly, it sets the stage for the Harmonized System (HS) code assignment, which is crucial in commodity classification.
  • Secondly, it affects the tariff rates applicable to your goods - distinct rates may apply depending on the origin, thanks to trade agreements.
  • Thirdly, the country of origin directly influences the rules of origin which dictate whether a product qualifies for preferential tariff rates or falls under specific non-tariff restrictions.
  • Fourthly, accurate identification helps avoid legal complications that can result from false declaration.
  • Lastly, it contributes to maintaining transparency, boosting your company's integrity and reputation in international trade.

Specifically, for the US-Romania route, trade agreements like CEFTA (Central European Free Trade Agreement) must not escape your attention. While both countries might not be CEFTA members, it still plays a notable role in determining duties.

Romania has different restrictions on imports - for example, pharmaceuticals and certain chemicals face rigorous testing procedures. So, be sure to understand your product's restrictions based on its country of origin. Expect smoother shipping when you pay meticulous attention to every aspect of your product's origin.

Step 2 - Find the HS Code of your product

The Harmonized System (HS) Code is a globally standardized system of names and numbers to classify traded products. These codes help customs officials determine how much duty applies to a particular product, making them an essential part of the global trading process.

When it comes to finding your product's HS Code, the easiest way is usually to ask your supplier. They're often well-versed in the import regulations related to their products, including relevant HS Codes.

However, if you find that route is not available or efficient, fear not, there's still a straightforward way to find it. Implementing our easy, step-by-step process, you can easily locate your product's HS code. Your first move should be to use a Harmonized Tariff Schedule lookup tool : Harmonized Tariff Schedule.

Simply enter the name of your product in the lookup tool's search bar. The system will then provide several possible matches. The correct HS Code for your product can be found under the Heading/Subheading column.

A word of caution, though. Accuracy is paramount when selecting your HS code. Misclassification can cause delays in delivery and potentially incur additional fees and fines. So, it's of the utmost importance that you spend the time to get it right.

Remember, these codes are there to help streamline the process, not hinder it. Here's an infographic showing you how to read an HS code, which further assists you in better understanding this system.

hs code finder

Step 3 - Calculate the Customs Value

Picture yourself eager to import goods from the US to Romania. Unearthing the meaning of 'Customs Value' will make your journey smoother. It’s not just the price of the goods, far from it. It's the CIF value, which hinges on three components:

  1. The actual cost of your goods.
  2. The international shipping price.
  3. The insurance charge.

For instance, if your goods cost $10,000, the shipping is estimated at $1,200, and insurance costs around $300, your Customs Value would be $11,500. By understanding and correctly calculating the Customs Value, you'll prevent surprising fees and keep the import process seamless. Now you're one step closer to importing success!

Step 4 - Figure out the applicable Import Tariff

Import tariffs are charges imposed on goods imported into a country. In the case of items arriving to Romania from the US, these tariffs satisfy EU categories. Your specific tariff is figured out using the TARIC System - European Customs.

For example, let's assume you're importing widgets from US, with the Harmonized System code 1234.56.78. You would:

  1. Navigate to the TARIC Consultation Tool.
  2. Enter the HS code 1234.56.78 and choose US as the country of origin.
  3. Note the identified duties and taxes for your product.

To calculate the import duties, consider the Cost, Insurance, and Freight (CIF) value. Let's say the CIF is $1000. The tool might show a tariff rate of 4%. Your import duty would be 4% of $1000, which equals $40.

Mastering this tool and understanding these percentages could save your business significant costs and confusion. Know what to expect and never let your shipments get stuck due to the unexpected duties.

Step 5 - Consider other Import Duties and Taxes

When importing goods into Romania from the US, you might encounter more than just the standard tariff rate. Depending on the product's nature and its country of origin, additional duties may apply. These other duties may include:

  1. Excise Duty: Certain goods, like alcohol or tobacco, may carry an excise duty. For instance, importing tobacco could attract an excise duty of $100 per 1000 cigarettes as a hypothetical example.
  2. Anti-dumping Taxes: These target goods sold below fair market value. Let's say, an American company sells bicycles in Romania cheaper than the production cost. In such a case, an anti-dumping tax may apply to prevent market disruption.
  3. Value-Added Tax (VAT): This is crucial. VAT in Romania is typically 19%, but lower rates exist for specific goods like books at 5%. So, if you import goods worth $10,000, you'd pay $1900 as VAT on top of other duties.

Remember, these values are just representative, and the real rates can vary. Understanding these charges can demystify the cost structure of imports, helping you plan better and avoid unwanted surprises. Each importing scenario is unique, so we recommend professional advice to optimize your customs strategy.

Step 6 - Calculate the Customs Duties

Calculating customs duties involves several components, including custom value, VAT, and possible anti-dumping taxes. Essentially, the formula is as follows: custom duty = customs value of goods x duty rate. However, additional taxes may affect the final amount.

Let's consider three examples:

  • Custom Value $2000. Duty rate 5%, no VAT: the duty payable would be $2000 x 5% = $100.
  • Custom Value $5000. Duty rate 3%, VAT 20%: here, calculate the duty payable first ($5000 x 3% = $150).
    • Then, add this to the value: ($5150).
    • Finally, calculate VAT: $5150 x 20% = $1030.
  • Custom Value $10000. Duty rate 4%, VAT 20%, Anti-dumping tax 10%, Excise Duty 15%: This one's more complex. Duty payable is $10000 x 4% = $400. Adding this to the value gives $10400. Now, calculate VAT: $10400 x 20% = $2080. Anti-dumping tax applied next: $10000 x 10% = $1000. Finally, Excise Duty calculated: $10000 x 15% = $1500.

Customs clearance entails more than mere calculations, and errors can be costly. At DocShipper, we ensure you don't overpay. Offering top-tier customs clearance services worldwide, we deftly handle every step on your behalf. For a free quote within 24 hours, feel free to contact us anytime. Eliminate guesswork and maximize efficiency with us.

Does DocShipper charge customs fees?

While DocShipper as a customs broker in the U.S. and Romania does manage your customs clearance, these fees do not include customs duties and taxes - these go straight to the government. Think of it like this: you pay DocShipper for the paperwork, but the government for the goods.

To ensure transparency, we provide documents from the customs office detailing the charges. That way, you know you're only paying exactly what's required by the authorities.

Contact Details for Customs Authorities

Required documents for customs clearance

Unsure about the key paperwork involved in customs clearance? Don't be left in the dark. Getting a grip on documents like the Bill of Lading, Packing List, Certificate of Origin, and Documents of Conformity (CE standard) could be the difference between smooth sailing and costly hold-ups.

Time to lift the veil on these crucial pieces of import/export documentation.

Bill of Lading

Navigating through customs between the US and Romania? Grappling with your Bill of Lading? Here's a nugget of reality: The Bill of Lading acts as your ownership certificate for your cargo on this journey. Picture it as your golden ticket, bearing the essential info like cargo details and the consignee’s identity. It's vital for the customs clearance process - no document, no delivery.

Ever heard of the telex or electronic release? That's a game-changer. Expedient, efficient, it saves paper, time, and worry about misplacing your documents. In the world of air freight? The AWB (Airway Bill) plays the same role.

So next time, remember how crucial these documents are to prevent unwanted hiccups in your overseas shipment. Knowledge, after all, is shipping power.

Packing List

Sending a shipment from the US to Romania? Don't forget the Packing List – it's a must, whether you're using sea or air freight. This isn't just a shopping list! It's your responsibility as a shipper to provide an accurate rundown of your cargo. It must detail specifics like weight, measurements, and type of goods.

Why does it matter? Picture this: customs officials in Romania checking what's inside your containers. They'll compare what they find against your Packing List. Discrepancies could mean time-consuming delays, additional inspections, or even penalties.

So, treat the Packing List as your cargo’s truth teller – it saves you from unnecessary hiccups in the exciting world of international freight!

Commercial Invoice

Shipping goods between the US and Romania? Your Commercial Invoice is critical. It verifies the value, origin and description of your cargo making customs clearance easier. Don't forget, though, it needs alignment with your other shipping documents.

Any discrepancy can lead to delays or penalties. Include essential information like both parties' contact details, product codes, and agreed Incoterms. For example, if your product code on the invoice and the Packing List match, it increases trust in the authenticity of your documents.

So double-check, stay transparent, and streamline your shipping process. The right prep work saves you stress and expense later.

Certificate of Origin

Shipping goods from the US to Romania? A Certificate of Origin (COO) serves as your goods' passport, detailing where they were manufactured. This vital document factors into customs decisions, potentially unlocking preferential duty rates.

For example, your shipment of designer clothes, produced in US factories, would require a COO to prove origin and justify any tariff benefits from bilateral trade agreements. Without it, you might face higher tariffs or delays. So, always remember to accurately mention the country of manufacture to ensure smooth processing at Romanian customs.

Certificate of Conformity (CE standard)

Ensuring your goods meet the CE standards is a critical step when shipping between the US and Romania, given Romania is part of the European Union where these standards are in force. Unlike regular quality assurance, the Certificate of Conformity to CE standards (or CE mark) guarantees your product adheres to European health, safety, and environmental protection legislation.

It's your passport to the European market. US standards, such as FCC or FDA, don't automatically qualify for the CE mark. The onus lies on you to ensure compliance before shipping.

Consider engaging a compliance consultant to verify your goods' conformity. Remember, denying due diligence can delay customs clearance, or worse, impede market access altogether. Harness the power of preparation to keep your cross-border commerce afloat.

Your EORI number (Economic Operator Registration Identification)

If you're exporting goods from the US to Romania, you must have an EORI Number. It's kind of like your business's passport, allowing you to trade goods smoothly within the EU. This unique identifier helps EU customs track and register your import and export activities.

Without it, you're going to face serious delays in your shipments, not to mention potential fines. The process to get one? Head to your national customs website, the paperwork isn't too complicated.

Quick tip: If you're an American company, you only need this if you are directly involved in the shipping process.

Your European distributors or partners, however, will definitely require an EORI Number. So, make it a point to confirm whether theirs is all set-up to prevent any hiccups underway!

Get Started with DocShipper

Navigating US to Romania customs can be complex and time-consuming. Allow DocShipper to handle the bureaucracy, turning thorny paperwork into a seamless process. Our extensive experience ensures swift, stress-free customs clearance every time. Interested in expediting your international freight? Contact DocShipper now for a free quote within 24 hours! Your simplified shipping solution is just a click away.


Prohibited and Restricted items when importing into Romania

When sending goods to Romania, it's essential to stay alert about the restricted or completely forbidden items. Despite the allure of seemingly hassle-free shipping, overlooking these can lead to penalties or withheld shipments. Let's get you on the safe side.

Are there any trade agreements between US and Romania

Yes, there are key trade associations between the US and Romania, but no Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) or Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) currently in place. The US-Romania Strategic Partnership is driving advancements, including potential future trade opportunities that may impact your shipping operations.

Infrastructure developments like the rail line project in Romania may also streamline your logistics in the near future. Stay alert for developments in these areas—it could mean significant savings and efficiencies for your business.

US - Romania trade and economic relationship

The economic alliance between the US and Romania has been progressively growing since the late 1980s, culminating in noteworthy milestones. One such milestone is the signing of the Trade & Investment Framework Agreement in 2013, cementing joint commitment toward liberalized trade.

Critical sectors such as IT, manufacturing, and energy primarily drive this bilateral trade relationship, with machinery, vehicles, and mineral fuels being the major traded commodities. The US direct exports in Romania amounted around $1.3 billion in 2022, underlining a promising economic linkage, even more so when we see the massive 3 billion dollar romanian exports to the US

Your Next Step with DocShipper

Are you overwhelmed with the intricacies of shipping between the US and Romania? Let DocShipper take the reins. With our seasoned expertise in transport organization, customs clearance, and all related procedures, we streamline international logistics. Don't let shipping complexities impede your business growth. Reach out to us, and let us simplify your global trade journey.


Additional logistics services

Dive into our all-in-one logistics suite where we manage everything, from sourcing and warehousing to distribution, skillfully streamlining your entire supply chain process with DocShipper. Enjoy seamless, hassle-free trade.